Achilles Tendon by Andrej Čretnik

By Andrej Čretnik

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By Andrej Čretnik

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1995). There is no complete regeneration of the tendon lesion in spite of the intensive remodeling in the initial months after injury. , 1998). , 1995). , 1998). The concentration of collagen type III with this type of regenerate is inversely proportional with the mechanical resilience of the healed tendon (Laemmli, 1970). Collagen type analyses performed after Achilles tendon rupture indicate a decrease in collagen type I alongside a significant increase in the amount of collagen type III (Ducy & Karsenty, 2003).

This in turn is believed to alter the mechanical properties of tissues such as the Achilles tendon (Collins & Posthumus, In Press). Type V collagen is therefore an important structural component of tendons and other connective tissues. In addition, since both copies of the COL5A1 gene are required for normal collagen fibril formation (Wenstrup et al, 2006; Malfait et al, 2010), it is possible that relatively small changes in COL5A1 mRNA stability within the normal physiological range (non-pathological) could result in inter-individual variation in fibrillogenesis, mechanical properties and susceptibility to musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries, as well as, variations in flexibility and endurance running performance (Collins & Posthumus, In Press).

Journal of Cell Science, 107 ( Pt 2), 669–681. Wenstrup RJ, Smith, S. , Florer, J. , Beason, D. , Seegmiller, R. , Soslowsky, L. J and Birk DE. (2011). Regulation of collagen fibril nucleation and initial fibril assembly involves coordinate interactions with collagens V and XI In developing tendon. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286, 20455-20465 Wenstrup RJ, Florer, J. , Davidson, J. , Phillips, C. , Pfeiffer, B. , Menezes, D. , Chervoneva, I and Birk DE. (2006). Murine model of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

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