By Guy R. McPherson
This quantity bridges the distance among ecology and ordinary source administration and, specifically, specializes in plant ecology as a origin for crops and flora and fauna administration. It describes how thoughts and techniques utilized by ecologists to review groups and ecosystems might be utilized to their administration. man R. McPherson and Stephen DeStefano emphasize the significance of thoughtfully designed and performed clinical experiences to either the development of ecological wisdom and the applying of concepts for the administration of plant and animal populations.
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Extra resources for Applied Ecology and Natural Resource Management
It increases the precision of estimates and it provides an estimate of experimental error, which is needed for appropriate statistical analyses. In many cases, replication is precluded by ethical or logistical concerns. For example, it may be infeasible to conduct a replicated experiment on the behavior of large carnivores in a field setting, or on the effects of acid rain on trophic dynamics in large lakes. In such cases, inferences are restricted to the observed populations and considerable caution should be exercised when interpreting statements about broader populations (in these cases, carnivores or lakes not included in the study).
Time and money will continue to be in short supply, but this situation will grow more serious if ecology does not establish itself as a source of reliable knowledge about environmental management (Peters 1991; Underwood 1995). In addition to posing questions that are relevant to resource management and that investigate mechanisms, scientists should be concerned with the development of research questions that are tractable. Asking why certain species are present at a particular place and time forces the investigator to rely on correlation.
Managers of natural resources must be able to distinguish candidate explanations from tested hypotheses, and therefore distinguish between conjecture and reliable knowledge. Ecologists can contribute to management efforts by addressing tractable questions that are relevant to resource management, and by focusing their research activities at appropriate temporal and spatial scales. The following chapters illustrate that the science of ecology can be linked with the management of natural resources in ways that are conducive to the improvement of both endeavors.