By Colin Austin, S. Douglas Olson
Thesmophoriazusae used to be played in Athens in 411 BCE, probably on the urban Dionysia, and is without doubt one of the such a lot tremendous of Aristophanes' 11 surviving comedies. it's the tale of the an important second in a quarrelbetween the tragic playwright Euripides and Athens' ladies, who accuse him of slandering them in his performs and are retaining a gathering at one in all their mystery gala's to set a penalty for his crimes. Thesmophoriazusae is a brilliantly creative comedy, choked with wild slapstick humour and devastating literary parody, and is a uncomplicated resource for questions of gender and sexuality in past due 5th-century Athens and for the preferred reception of Euripidean tragedy. Austin and Olson supply a textual content in response to a clean exam of the papyri and manuscripts, and a close statement protecting quite a lot of literary, old, and philological concerns. The advent comprises sections at the date and old atmosphere of the play; the Thesmophoria competition; Aristophanes' dealing with of Euripidean tragedy; staging; Thesmophoriazusae II; and the heritage of recent severe paintings at the textual content. All Greek within the advent and observation no longer stated for technical purposes is translated.
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Thesmophoriazusae was once played in Athens in 411 BCE, probably on the urban Dionysia, and is without doubt one of the such a lot awesome of Aristophanes' 11 surviving comedies. it's the tale of the the most important second in a quarrelbetween the tragic playwright Euripides and Athens' ladies, who accuse him of slandering them in his performs and are preserving a gathering at considered one of their mystery fairs to set a penalty for his crimes.
Greek traditions of writing approximately nutrition and the symposium had a protracted and wealthy afterlife within the first to 5th centuries CE, in either Greco-Roman and early Christian tradition. This booklet offers an account of the background of the table-talk culture, derived from Plato's Symposium and different classical texts, focusing between different writers on Plutarch, Athenaeus, Methodius and Macrobius.
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Nor can we really know the point of all this cultic activity and the story that both accompanied and glossed it, although it seems obvious that throwing the piglets into the megara somehow recapitulated the fall of Kore and Eubouleus' swine into the chasm in the earth, and that the drawers' recovery of the piglets (ensuring the fertility of the city's crops) recapitulated Demeter's recovery of her daughter (which resulted in the restoration of fertility to the earth). In addition, we know that at the Athenian Thesmophoria: (i) A sacrifice called the ('penalty'), doubtless followed by a feast, and a rite of some sort called the ('pursuit') or ('Chalkidic pursuit') were performed (Hsch.
Can thus be no earlier than 411. As Wilamowitz noted, moreover, this -was a relatively minor defeat, -which -was completely overshadowed by the victory at Kynossema some time in summer 411 (Th. viii. 104—6), and it is difficult to believe that it -would have merited mention in a comedy of 410 or later, particularly since the Athenians could by then no longer be accused of incompetence in naval affairs. 16 (iii) At 808—9, the chorus, in the course of drawing a series of punning comparisons bet-ween the city's -women and its men, ask •whether 'any member of last year's Council is better than Euboule' —a name that means literally 'Giving Good Counsel'—'after having surrendered his authority to another man'.
Androkles, a leading democrat and an enemy of Alcibiades, had been assassinated by a group of young men, who then disposed of a number of other politically inconvenient individuals in a similar fashion (Th. viii. 65. 2); a proposal for xl INTRODUCTION the abolition of pay for public office (a key characteristic of the late fifth-century democracy) and for a form of government restricted to 5,000 'competent' individuals had been floated publicly, although Thucydides claims that this was a sham put forward by the oligarchs in the hope of concealing their true intentions (Th.