By Soma Pillay
Improvement Corruption in South Africa examines governance issues with a spotlight on corruption. This wealthy empirical physique on governance variables and governance functionality is a welcome boost to South African govt literature.
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Extra resources for Development Corruption in South Africa: Governance Matters
Within this general benefit-cost approach, Frederickson (1993) provides four explanations for prevalence of corruption: historical, political, structural, and bureaucratic. Historical Explanations The historical-cultural explanation of political corruption holds that corruption is the result of the weaknesses of individuals or a pattern of politics that has routinely accepted corruption. Corruption exists because individuals perceive that there are benefits to corruption and that the costs are relatively low compared to the benefits.
The goal of the vast majority of white-collar criminals is eco-gain or occupational success that may lead to eco-gain. The theory adopted here is that criminal behavior results from a coincidence of appropriate motivation and opportunity. White-collar crimes are often well hidden by intricate paper trails and require extensive documentation before the cases can even be brought to a prosecutor. The investigative and prosecutorial functions in white-collar crimes are often one and the same. Thus a central determinant of the extent of white-collar crime is the capacity and willingness of enforcers and other government officials to define what could be regarded as illegal behavior (Pontell & Calavita, 1993).
Offenses against public administration (bribery, obstruction of justice, official misconduct, and perjury) 3. Regulatory offenses, which include administrative violations, environmental violations, labor violations, manufacturing violations, and unfair trade practices. 34 Development Corruption in South Africa scope dimension indicates how broadly the white-collar crime category is defined (Johnson & Leo, 1993). However, irrespective of the interpretation, one would concur with Wells (1990) that white-collar criminals are people with motive, opportunity, and defective values.